Common Concepts of Fabrics: Warp Weft Density Width Weight and Representation

- May 07, 2018-

1, warp, warp, warp yarn density - the length of the fabric direction; the yarn is called warp yarn; the number of arranged within the 1 inch yarn density (warp density);

2, weft, weft, weft density - fabric width direction; the yarn is called weft, the number of arranged within the 1 inch yarn is weft density (weft density);

3, Density - used to indicate the number of yarns per unit length of woven fabric, generally 1 inch or 10 centimeters in the number of yarn, China's national standard requires the use of 10 centimeters in the number of yarn density, but Textile companies are still accustomed to using the number of yarns within 1 inch to express density. As commonly seen, "45X45/108X58" indicates 45 warp weft yarns and the warp and weft densities are 108 and 58 respectively.

4, width - the effective width of the fabric, generally used in inches or centimeters, common 36 inches, 44 inches, 56-60 inches, etc., respectively, referred to as narrow, medium and wide, above 60 The fabric of the inch is extra wide, and it is often called a wide cloth. The width of the extra wide fabric in our country can reach 360 centimeters. Width is generally marked behind the density, such as: 3 mentioned in the fabric if you add the width is expressed as: "45X45/108X58/60"" that is 60 inches wide.

5, gram weight - the weight of the fabric is generally the square meter of the weight of the square meter fabric, gram weight is an important technical indicator of knitted fabrics, woolen woolen also generally gram weight as an important technical indicator. The weight of denim fabric is generally expressed in "Oz", that is, the number of ounces per square yard of fabric weight, such as 7 ounces, 12 ounces of denim, etc.;

6, dyed - Japan called "first dyed fabric", refers to the first yarn or filament after dyeing, and then use the colored yarn weaving process, this fabric is called "dyed woven fabric", production color Weaving factories are generally called dyeing factories, such as denim, and most of the shirt fabrics are dyed fabrics;